Kinnaur is one of twelve administrative districts in the Indian state of Himachal Pradesh, India. The district is divided into three administrative areas – Pooh, Kalpa, and Nichar(Bhabanagar)– and has five tehsils (counties). The administrative headquarters of Kinnaur district is at Reckong Peo. From here Kinnaur Kailash, considered to be the abode of Lord Shiva, can be seen. As of 2011, it is the second least populous district of Himachal Pradesh (out of 12 districts), after Lahaul and Spiti, in spite of that nine vital languages are spoken in the district.
Sangla is a great destination for paragliding, angling and rafting. Kalpa is one of the most beautiful villages in the region and shouldn’t be missed. Most villages of Kinnaur lie at high altitude, some as high as 4,000 m and each village has its own presiding deity. Kinnaur and surrounding valleys are famous for trekking and other adventure sports.
Parikarma (revolution) of Kinnaur Kailash, abode of Shiva, is among the popular trails. Bhaba Valley and Sangla Valley treks are other popular trails. Kinnaur and surrounding areas were believed to be part of Magadha kingdom and then the Mauryan empire during 6th century BC. It subsequently came under the influence of the Guge kingdom of Tibet between the 9th and 12th centuries. Kinnaur was divided into seven regions, known as Sat Khund. Many small chiefs of this area fought among each other for power. Several forts from this time, like Labrang, Moorang, and Kamru are evidences of this conflict.
Mughal emperor Akbar conquered the area and made the valley a part of his Empire. The valley was known as Chini Tehsil then. After the fall of the Mughal Empire, its dominant role in the region lapsed and it was merged into the then Mahasu district.