Bilaspur was the capital of a state of the same name founded in the 7th century, also known as Kahlur. The ruling dynasty were Chandela Rajputs, who claimed descent from the rulers of Chanderi in present-day Madhya Pradesh. The town of Bilaspur was founded in 1663. The state later became a princely state of British India, and was under the authority of the British province of Punjab.
On 13 May 1665, Guru Tegh Bahadur went to Bilaspur to attend the mourning and funeral ceremonies for Raja Dip Chand of Bilaspur. Rani Champa of Bilaspur made an offer to the Guru of a piece of land in her state, which the Guru accepted at the cost of 500 rupees. The land consisted of the villages of Lodhipur, Mianpur, and Sahota. Guru Tegh Bahadur broke ground on a new settlement on 19 June 1665, which he named Nanaki after his mother.
Bhakra Dam in Bilaspur holds the distinction of being one of the highest gravity dams in the world. The dam was the vision and mission of our 1st Prime minister, Jawaharlal Nehru. Bhakra dam is the world's biggest multi-utility project and is the source of irrigation and electricity for millions. The dam is also responsible for the creation of the most beautiful lake in Himachal Pradesh, Gobind Sagar Lake. The eye-catching Gobind Sagar lake is famous for sightseeing, adventure activities, recreational fun, etc. The lake is a treat for nature lovers and adventure junkies.
Another worthy aspect is the wildlife of the district which is truly amazing and home to some endangered animals like Panther, Wolf, Chausinga, Sambar, Hyena, Sloth bear, Nilgai, Chinkara and wild boar. One can see all these animals on the bank of Gobind Sagar lake. In 1962, the lake was even recognized as the 'waterfowl refuge.'